ASTRUC Didier



    Dernière modification : 18 février 2011

  • Didier Astruc,

    Member of the Institut Universitaire de France,
    Institut des Sciences Moléculaires,
    Groupe Nanosciences Moléculaires et Catalyse

    UMR CNRS N° 5255,
    Université Bordeaux I
    351, Cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence Cedex, FRANCE

    Tél. 33 (0)5.40.00.62.71,
    Fax. 33 (0)5.40.00.69 94,
    E-mail : d.astruc@ism.u-bordeaux1.fr
    Web : http://astruc.didier.free.fr


    Background and CV

    Education and doctorate theses : Univ. of Rennes (organo-iron chemistry, Prof. R. Dabard)

    Post-doc : MIT, Cambridge (organo-Nb- and Ta chemistry, Prof. R. R. Schrock)

    Lecturer (1970), then Master Lecturer (1971) at the Technological Institute of Saint-Nazaire

    CNRS researcher in Rennes (Chargé de recherche 1978 ; Maître de Recherche, 1980)

    Full Professor at the University Bordeaux I since 1984, classe exceptionnelle since 1999.

    Member of the National CNRS Committee since 2000 (section 18, then 14).

    Sabbatical leave in 1990-91 at UC Berkeley (Prof. K. P. C. Vollhardt)

    President of the Coordination Chemistry Division of the French Chemical Society (2001-4)


    Publications :

    Author of 3 books, editor of 5 books or special journal issues.
    Approx. 300 research publications and 300 research lectures.


    Awards

    Prize of the Coordination Chemistry Division of the French Chemical Society (1981)
    German-French Humboldt Award (1989)
    Senior Member of the Institut Universitaire de France since 1995.
    Iberdrola Prize (1995)
    Grand Prix Le Bel of the French Chemical Society (2001)
    Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (2005).
    Member of the Leopoldina Academy (2006)
    Member of the Academia Eupopaea (2006)
    Member of the European Academy of Science (2007)


    Research interests

    (see details of the web site http://astruc.didier.free.fr)
    Design, synthesis and applications of inorganic, organometallic and supramolecular nano-objects
    Synthesis : metallodendrimers, dendronized and hyperbranched polymers, gold and palladium nanoparticles.
    Applications : Sensors, green catalysts (metallodendrimers and transition-metal nanoparticles as nano-reactors), medicinal vectors, devices for molecular electronics and photonics.


    Major research achievements

    Concept and design of organometallic electron-reservoir complexes and their synthetic and mechanistic applications.
    Organometallic C-H activation in arene chemistry and, since 1979, application to the iterative formation of multiple C-C bonds leading to stars, dendritic cores, dendrons and giant dendrimers beyond the de Gennes dense-packing limit.
    First organometallics dendrimers and their applications as redox sensors and molecular electronic devices (molecular batteries). First metal-nanoparticle-cored dendrimers and their use as anion (ATP) sensors.
    Nano-organometallic chemistry and catalysis including selective alkene and alkyne metathesis reactions.
    First click metallodendrimers. Use as sedox sensors of both oxo-anions and metal cations.


    Books :

    Authored books

    - D. Astruc : "Electron-Transfer and Radical Processes in Transition-Metal Chemistry" VCH, New York, 1995, 630 pages. ISBN 1-56081-642-2, available at Wiley-VCH.

    - D. Astruc : "Chimie Organométallique", EDP Sciences, 2000 (550 pages), ISBN 2-86883-493-0 with corrected exercises - references and summaries of each chapter - history - fundamental concepts - molecular orbitals - all metals - bio-organometallic chemistry - catalysis - applications in organic synthesis (pharmacy and natural products). available at EDP Sciences, 7 , avenue du Hoggar, Parc d’Activités de Courtaboeuf, BP 112, 91944 Les Ulis Cedex A, France. Spanish version, translated by Profs. Carmen Claver and Beatriz Alonso (Reverte, 2003).

    - D. Astruc : "Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis", Springer, Berlin, 2007.


    Edited books

    - "Mechanisms and Processes in Molecular Chemistry" special issue of New J. Chem, 1992, 16, 7 (dedicated to Bianka Tchoubar), Editor : D. Astruc, Gauthier-Villars, Paris.

    - "Méhodes et Techniques de la Chimie Organique", PUG, 1999, ISBN 2 7061 0833 9, 230FF, Editor : D Astruc, EDP Sciences.

    - "Handbook "Electron Transfer", Chief Editor : V. Balzani (4 volumes), Wiley-VCH, Weiheim, Vol. 2 Editor : D. Astruc, P. Matai 2001.

    - "Modern Arene Chemistry", Editor : D. Astruc, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2002.

    - "Dendrimers and Nanoscience" Special triple issue of Compte Rendus Chimie (Vol 6-8), Elsevier, 2003.

    - "Nanoparticles and Catalysis", Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2007.

    Member of Editorial Boards : New J. Chem. (1992-) ; Organometallics (1997-2001) ; J. Inorg. Organometal. Polym. (2005-) ; Current Chemical Biology (2006-) ; The Open Cell and Developmental Biology Journal (OCDB) (2007-) ; The Open Inorganic Chemistry Journal (2007-)


    Recent Review Articles

    Gold Nanoparticles : Assembly, Supramolecular Chemistry, Quantum-size Related Properties, and Applications towards Biology, Catalysis and Nanotechnology
    M-C. Daniel, D. Astruc
    Chem. Rev. 2004, 104, 293-346

    La métathèse : de Chauvin à la chimie verte
    Didier Astruc, L’Act. Chim., mars 2004 English version : January 2005, New J. Chem. , 29, 42-56 DOI : 10.1039/b412198h) : http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/2005/chemreading.html

    Nanoparticles as Recyclable Catalysts : the Fast-growing Frontier between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysts
    D. Astruc, F. Lu, J. Ruiz Aranzaes
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2005, 44, 7852-7872

    Metallodendritic Catalysis : Major Concepts and Recent Progress
    D. Méry and D. Astruc
    Coord. Chem. Rev., 2006, 250 (15-16), 1965-1979.


    Selection of recent original articles

    Efficient Mono-and Bifunctionalization of Polyolefin Dendrimers by Metathesis.
    C. Ornelas, D. Méry, J. Ruiz, J.-C. Blais, E. Cloutet, D. Astruc
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2005, 44, 7399-7404.

    Efficient Dendritic Diphosphino Pd(II) Catalysts for the Suzuki Reaction of Choroarene
    J. Lemo, K. Heuzé, D. Astruc
    Org. Letters, 2005, 7 (11) 2253-2256.

    Assembly of Dendrimers with Redox-Active Clusters [CpFe(µ3-CO)]4 at the Periphery and Application to Oxo-anion and Adenosyne-5-Triphosphate (ATP) Sensing
    J. Ruiz Aranzaes, C. Belin, D. Astruc,
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2006, 45, 132-136

    From Simple Monopyridine Clusters [Mo6Br13(Py-R)6][n-Bu4N] and Hexapyridine Clusters [Mo6X8(Py-R)6][OSO2CF3]4 (X = Br or I) to Cluster-cored Organometallic Stars, Dendrons and Dendrimers.
    D. Méry, L. Plault, C. Ornelas, J. Ruiz, S. Nlate, D. Astruc, J.-C. Blais, J. Rodrigues, S.Cordier, K. Kiracki, C. Perrin,
    Inorg. Chem., 2006, 45, 1156-1167.

    Synthesis of Ferrocenylazobenzene-attached Dendrimers and Light-induced Redox-Activity Control of Their Modified Electrodes
    M.-C. Daniel, A. Sakamoto , J. Ruiz, D. Astruc, H. Nishihara
    Chem. Lett., 2006, 35 (1), 38-39.

    Synthesis of 9- and 27-Armed Tetrakis(diperoxotungsto)phosphate-cored Dendrimers and their Use as Recoverable and Re-usable Catalysts in the Oxidation of Alkenes, Sulfides and Alcohols with Hydrogen Peroxide
    S. Nlate, L. Plault, D. Astruc
    Chem. Eur. J., 2006, 12, 903-914

    Use of an Electron-reservoir Complex together with Air to Generate N-Heterocyclic Carbenes
    D. Méry, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, D. Astruc
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128 (17), 5602-5603.

    Click Assembly of 1,2,3-Triazole-Linked Dendrimers Including Ferrocenyl Dendrimers that Sense Both Oxo-anions and Metal Cations
    C. Ornelas, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, E. Cloutet, S. Alves, D. Astruc
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2007, 46 (1) 872-877.

    New Water-soluble Polyanionic Dendrimers and Binding to Acetylcholin in Water By Means of Supramolecular Interactions.
    C. Ornelas, E. Boisselier, V. Martinez, I. Pianet, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, D. Astruc.

    Chem. Commun. 2007, 5093-5095.

    Homeopathic Catalytic Activity and Atom-Leaching Mechanism in the Miyaura-Suzuki Reactions under Ambient Conditions Using Precise Dendrimer-Stabilized Pd Nanoparticles.
    A. K., Diallo, C. Ornelas, L. Salmon, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, D. Astruc.
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. Volume 46, Issue 45, Date : November 19, 2007, Pages : 8644-8648.

    Four Generations of Water Soluble Dendrimers with 9 to 243 Benzoate Tethers : Synthesis and Dendritic Effects on Their Ion Paring with Acetylcholine, Benzyltriethylammonium and Dopamine in Water.
    E. Boisselier, C. Ornelas, I. Pianet, J. Ruiz, D. Astruc
    Chemistry, Eur. J., 2008, 14 (x) ASAP.

    Dendrimers : Synthesis, Redox Sensing of Pd(OAc)2, and Remarkable Catalytic Hydrogenation Activity of Precise Pd Nanoparticles Stabilized by 1,2,3-Triazole-Containing Dendrimers.
    C. Ornelas, L. Salmon, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, D. Astruc.
    Chem. Eur. J., 2008, 14 (1) 50-64.

    A highly active and reusable copper(I)-tren catalyst for the click 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azides and alkynes.
    N. Candelon, D. Lastécouères, A. K. Diallo, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, D. Astruc, J.-M. Vincent.
    Chem. Commun. , 2008, 741-743.

    Cross Olefin Metathesis for the Selective Functionalization, Ferrocenylation, and Solubilization in Water of Olefin-terminated Dendrimers, Polymers and GoldNanoparticles and for a Divergent Dendriumer Construction.
    C. Ornelas, D. Méry, E. Cloutet, J. Ruiz Aranzaes, D. Astruc.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 1495-1506


    Useful links :

    For search of all subjects : http://www.google.com

    Didier Astruc, La métathèse de Chauvin à la chimie verte, L’Act. Chim., mars 2004 : La métathèse : de Chauvin à la chimie verte English version available at : http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/2005/chemreading.html

    The metathesis reactions : from a historical perspective to recent developments. Didier Astruc, New J. Chem., 2005, 29, 42 DOI : 10.1039/b412198h

    Photos des prix Nobel de chimie 2005

    Animation schématique sur le fonctionnement de la métathèse

    La métathèse au lycée et au collège

    Société Chimique de France : http://www.sfc.fr/

    Marie-Curie grants : http://www.cordis.lu/improving/fellowships/home.htm

    European Science Foundation : http://www.esf.org/

    Association Bernard Gregory : http://www.abg.asso.fr/

    Bibliothèque de l’Université Bordeaux-1 : http://www.bu.u-bordeaux1.fr/site/index.php

    Chemitry on the Web : http://www.chemdex.org/

    Dictionnary of Organometallic Reactions : http://www.ilpi.com/organomet/index.html

    Periodic Table : http://www.webelements.com/index.html

    Free software for organic chemistry : http://www.acdlabs.com/

    Angewandte Chemie - International Edition : http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jtoc?ID=26737

    Réseau de la Chimie européenne : http://www.chemsoc.org/

    Journal of the American Chemical Society : http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jacsat/index.html

    American Chemical Society (ACS) : http://www.acs.org/

    Chemical Communications : http://www.rsc.org/is/journals/current/chemcomm/cccon.htm

    Royal Society of Chemistry : http://www.rsc.org/

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